essay vb endeavor, strive, struggle, *attempt, try
Analogous words: work, labor, toil, travail (see corresponding nouns at WORK)
essay n
1 endeavor, striving, struggle, attempt, try (see under ATTEMPT vb)
Analogous words: *effort, exertion, trouble, pains: toil, labor, *work, travail
2 Essay, article, paper, theme, composition are comparable when denoting a relatively brief discourse written for others' reading or consideration.
Essay is the only one of these terms which suggests a literary character or is included in classifications of literary types. It may designate any writing that attempts to cover a subject briefly, competently, and interestingly, whether the attempt is successful or not and whether it is intended for publication or for submission to a teacher or others for criticism. In such usage an essay is often distinguished from a short story or an argument, and though use of the word does not debar the introduction of a narrative or argumentative method, it typically has an expository or descriptive aim.
Article carries the implication found in all senses of this word: that of membership in a whole without sacrifice of distinctness and individuality. Therefore article is appropriately applied only to one of the separate and in itself complete writings which make up a single issue of a journal or a magazine or such a book as a history written by different persons

have you read the article on the prospects of war in today's newspaper?


a writer of articles for magazines


the encyclopedia's article at "carpet" will furnish you information concerning Oriental rugs

Paper is applied to a writing, chiefly an informative writing, that is intended for reading (as at a meeting of a club or a learned society) or for publication (as in a scientific or learned journal) or as a college exercise especially in a nonliterary course

the most interesting paper on the program of the Woman's Club was one on the history of dolls

Theme and composition are applied to writings that are school exercises and submitted for criticism. Although they are seldom distinguished in their use, except that theme is more often employed in colleges and high schools and composition in the lower schools, there can be a real difference in the implications of the words. Theme may imply the development and elaboration of a definite subject; its tests are chiefly adequacy, as evinced by its completeness of treatment within limitations, and readability, as evinced by its power to interest those who read it and impress its points on their minds. Composition, on the other hand, implies organization of details, facts, and ideas or sometimes of sentences and paragraphs so that the result is a unified and clear piece of writing.

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • essay — ESSAY. s. m. Espreuve qu on fait de quelque chose. Faire essay, un essay. faire l essay de la monnoye. faire l essay d une machine. cette drogue est trop violente, il est dangereux d en faire l essay. donner à l essay. prendre à l essay. faire l… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • essay — Essay, m. acut. Est une tentatoire, qui est espreuve de ce qui est à faire, Periculi factio, Tentamentum, L apprenty fait son essay, Suae industriae tyro facit periculum, Selon ce on dit, Faire son coup d essay, Aliqua in re quid de suo ingenio,… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • Essay — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Essay País …   Wikipedia Español

  • Essay — Es say, n.; pl. {Essays}. [F. essai, fr. L. exagium a weighing, weight, balance; ex out + agere to drive, do; cf. examen, exagmen, a means of weighing, a weighing, the tongue of a balance, exigere to drive out, examine, weigh, Gr. exa gion a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Essay — Smn Abhandlung, Aufsatz erw. fach. (18. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus ne. essay, dieses aus afrz. essai, eigentlich Probe, Versuch , aus l. exagium n. das Wägen , einer postverbalen Ableitung von l. exigere (exāctum) abwägen, beurteilen , zu l.… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Essay — Es*say , v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Essayed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Essaying}.] [F. essayer. See {Essay}, n.] 1. To exert one s power or faculties upon; to make an effort to perform; to attempt; to endeavor; to make experiment or trial of; to try. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • essay — [n1] written discourse article, composition, discussion, disquisition, dissertation, explication, exposition, manuscript, paper, piece, study, theme, thesis, tract, treatise; concept 271 essay [n2] try, attempt aim, bid, dry run*, effort,… …   New thesaurus

  • Essay — Essay,derod.das:⇨Abhandlung(1) Essay→Aufsatz …   Das Wörterbuch der Synonyme

  • Essay — »Abhandlung, die eine literarische oder wissenschaftliche Frage in knapper und anspruchsvoller Form behandelt«: Das Fremdwort wurde in der 2. Hälfte des 19. Jh.s aus gleichbed. engl. essay entlehnt, das aus frz. essai »Versuch, Abhandlung« stammt …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • Essay — (engl., spr. Essäh), so v.w. Essai; bes. Essays, in der Englischen Literatur kürzere Aufsätze, worin die Ergebnisse der philosophischen Doctrinen popularisirt u. zur Belehrung u. Geschmackbildung in Zeit u. Wochenschriften mitgetheilt werden. Die …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”